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美国著名邪教“曼森家族”教主去世 | 讣告

NYT教育频道2019-06-03 09:42:17

查尔斯·曼森。Mirrorpix, via Alamy

Charles Manson, one of the most notorious murderers of the 20th century, who was very likely the most culturally persistent and perhaps also the most inscrutable, died on Sunday in Kern County, Calif. He was 83 and had been behind bars for most of his life.

查尔斯·曼森(Charles Manson)是20世纪最臭名昭著的杀人凶手之一,他很可能是在文化上最让人难忘,也许还是最难以捉摸的人物。周日,他在加利福尼亚州的克恩县去世,终年83岁。曼森在监狱里度过了人生大部分的时间。

查尔斯·曼森因七起被统称为泰特-拉比安卡(Tate-LaBianca)谋杀案的残酷杀戮而闻名,在美国文化中长期占据一个黑暗的位置。 Associated Press

He died of natural causes in a hospital, the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation said in a news release.

加州矫正和康复部(California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation)在一份新闻稿中说,曼森在医院里死于自然原因。

Mr. Manson was a semiliterate habitual criminal and failed musician before he came to irrevocable attention in the late 1960s as the wild-eyed leader of the Manson family, a murderous band of young drifters in California. Convicted of nine murders in all, Mr. Manson was known in particular for the seven brutal killings collectively called the Tate-LaBianca murders, committed by his followers on two consecutive August nights in 1969.

曼森曾是一个半文盲惯犯和失败的音乐家,后来,他作为加州一群年轻流浪者组成的杀人团伙“曼森家族”中疯狂的领袖,在1960年代不可避免地受到了公众的关注。曼森共犯下九宗谋杀罪,尤其以七起被统称为泰特-拉比安卡(Tate-LaBianca)谋杀案的残酷杀戮而闻名,他的追随者在1969年连续两个八月的夜晚犯下了这些罪行。

曼森曾犯下九宗谋杀罪,尤以其信众对导演罗曼·波兰斯基的妻子等人的残酷杀戮闻名。图为波兰斯基与妻子泰特在婚礼上。 Keystone/Getty Images

The most famous of the victims was Sharon Tate, an actress who was married to the film director Roman Polanski. Eight and a half months pregnant, she was killed with four other people at her Benedict Canyon home.

受害者中最著名的是女演员莎朗·泰特(Sharon Tate),她的丈夫是电影导演罗曼·波兰斯基(Roman Polanski)。泰勒在自己位于比弗利山庄的家里和其他四人一起遇害,当时她已怀有八个半月身孕。

泰特在家中被杀害,图为她的尸体被移出。 Associated Press

The Tate-LaBianca killings and the seven-month trial that followed were the subjects of fevered news coverage. To a frightened, mesmerized public, the murders, with their undercurrents of sex, drugs, rock ’n’ roll and Satanism, seemed the depraved logical extension of the anti-establishment, do-your-own-thing ethos that helped define the ’60s.

泰特-拉比安卡谋杀案以及随后七个月的审判是新闻报道最热衷的题材。对一个受到了惊吓和迷惑的公众而言,这些谋杀案件,以及它们暗藏的性、毒品、摇滚和撒旦主义,似乎是帮助定义了60年代的反权威、“做你自己”精神在逻辑上堕落的延伸。

Spahn电影棚。曼森家族曾在此居住。 Ralph Crane/The LIFE Picture Collection, via Getty Images

Since then, the Manson family has occupied a dark, persistent place in American culture — and American commerce. It has inspired, among other things, pop songs, an opera, films, a host of internet fan sites, T-shirts, children’s wear and half the stage name of the rock musician Marilyn Manson.

从那时起,“曼森家族”在美国文化,以及美国商业里占据了一个黑暗、持久的位置。它启发了很多东西,包括多首流行歌曲、一部歌剧、电影、一大堆粉丝网站、T恤、儿童服装和摇滚乐手玛丽莲·曼森(Marilyn Manson)一半的艺名。

1970年10月,曼森和苏珊·阿特金斯在法庭上。 Associated Press

Throughout the decades since, Mr. Manson has remained an enigma. Was he a paranoid schizophrenic, as some observers have suggested? Was he a sociopath, devoid of human feeling? Was he a charismatic guru, as his followers once believed and his fans seemingly still do?

几十年来,曼森一直是一个谜。他是不是像一些人所说,患有妄想型精神分裂?他是不是反社会者,缺乏人类情感?他是不是一个魅力非凡的宗教领袖,就和他的追随者们一度相信、粉丝们似乎仍然相信的一样?

Or was he simply flotsam, a man whose life, The New York Times wrote in 1970, “stands as a monument to parental neglect and the failure of the public correctional system”?

又或者,他只是一个废物。这个男人的一生,或许正如《纽约时报》在1970年所写的,是“家长疏忽的典范,公共惩教系统的失败”?

1971年1月25日,曼森和帕特里夏·克伦温克(左)、苏珊·阿特金斯(中)在七起谋杀案中被判有罪。莱斯利·范·赫顿(右)在两起谋杀案中被判有罪。 Associated Press

To the end of his life, Mr. Manson denied having ordered the Tate-LaBianca murders. Nor, as he replied to a question he was often asked, did he feel remorse, in any case.

直到晚年,曼森仍否认自己下令让人犯下泰特-拉比安卡谋杀案,正如他对时常被问到的问题的答复一样,他没有感到有任何懊悔。

He said as much in 1986 in a prison interview with the television journalist Charlie Rose.

1986年,在一场监狱里与电视记者查理·罗斯(Charlie Rose)的采访中,他透露了不少。

“So you didn’t care?” Mr. Rose asked, invoking Ms. Tate and her unborn child.

“所以你不在乎?”罗斯提起了泰特和她未出生的孩子,问道。

“Care?” Mr. Manson replied.

“在乎?”曼森回答道。

He added, “What the hell does that mean, ‘care’?”

他接着说,“‘在乎’究竟是他妈的什么意思?”

2008年,曼森在假释听证会上。他被拒绝假释达十余次,最近一次是在2012年。 Associated Press

2011年,由加利福尼亚州惩教部发布的曼森的照片。 California Department of Corrections, via Agence France-Presse — Getty Images


本文根据《纽约时报》记者Margalit Fox的报道编译。


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